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Analysis of the Complementarity Between Solar and Wind Energy in the Perspective of Installing a Hybrid System: Case Study in the Sahel of Burkina Faso

In this study, interest is focused on the complementarity of solar and wind energy, in order to assess the profitability of a hybrid renewable energy system that can be installed at three sites located in Burkina Faso, in West Africa. An analysis of the relationship intensity that may exist between the temporal and energy variations of solar and wind sources has been carried out. The assessment of the complementarity between solar and wind energy at the studied sites is carried out using the Pearson correlation coefficient, the ratio between the annual value of wind and solar energy and coupling coefficient at the three sites. The results obtained show that the values of the Pearson coefficient are positive and almost equal to zero on the three sites. There is no correlation along the time between the quantities of the two energy sources. In addition, the positive and very close to zero values of the ratio and coupling coefficient at the three sites show that a low wind potential characterizes the studied sites. The sites studied do not present an interesting complementarity between solar and wind energies. For the studied sites Solar/wind energy hybridization is not part of a great economic interest. The study carried out shows that it is not interesting to operate a photovoltaic/wind system on these sites.

Solar Energy, Wind Energy, Pearson Coefficient, Energy Complementarity, Hybrid System

Ousmane Nikiema, Seydou Ouedraogo, Damgou Mani Kongnine, Emmanuel Nanema, Adekunlé Akim Salami. (2023). Analysis of the Complementarity Between Solar and Wind Energy in the Perspective of Installing a Hybrid System: Case Study in the Sahel of Burkina Faso. International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering, 12(3), 41-46.

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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