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Volume 5, Issue 2-1, March 2016, Page: 9-17
Improving Electricity Access in Ghana Challenges and the Way Forward
Aaron Yaw Ahali, Department of Economics and International Studies, the University of Buckingham, UK
Received: Oct. 7, 2015;       Accepted: Nov. 2, 2015;       Published: Dec. 17, 2015
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijepe.s.2016050202.12      View  5233      Downloads  132
Abstract
Growth in demographic requirements, increased urbanization and rural electrification coupled with an ever-increasing technological demand, and the aspiration to transform into a middle-income country have led to a fast growth in energy demand in the past two decades in Ghana. Yet there is a huge deficit in supply and this has become a major limitation to growth and quality of life. As Ghana has devoted itself to universal access to electricity by 2020, the real challenge is in reaching the capacity to meet this goal; and most importantly, ensuring that supply is adequate and reliable. With access to electricity in Ghana been low for some time now with no improvement in sight, there is the need for a study such as this. The paper sought to examine the challenges preventing the progress of accessible electricity in Ghana. The paper adopted a systematic review approach and used publications that focused on or related to the subject understudy. Key findings identified in the paper include; poor pricing, increasing demand and supply shortfalls coupled with irregularities, institutional restrictions, lack of credible off-taker and lack of policy and project continuity. To address these challenges, suggested recommendations include; exploring all means of getting power source, including LNG, Solar, landfill gas and nuclear power, establishing a vibrant and robust power ministry that can help reform and also help in revenue collection.
Keywords
Ghana, Electricity Access, Efficiency and Performance, Electricity Demand, Electricity Supply
To cite this article
Aaron Yaw Ahali, Improving Electricity Access in Ghana Challenges and the Way Forward, International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering. Special Issue: Electricity Market. Vol. 5, No. 2-1, 2016, pp. 9-17. doi: 10.11648/j.ijepe.s.2016050202.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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