2020, Volume 9
2019, Volume 8
2018, Volume 7
2017, Volume 6
2016, Volume 5
2015, Volume 4
2014, Volume 3
2013, Volume 2
2012, Volume 1

Volume 9, Issue 5, September 2020, Page: 69-80
The Status and Potential Assessment of Solar Power Energy Development in Vietnam
Khanh Huyen Nguyen, Department of Energy, University of Science and Technology of Hanoi, Hanoi, Vietnam
Ngoc Huong Giang Vu, Department of Energy, University of Science and Technology of Hanoi, Hanoi, Vietnam
Xuan Truong Nguyen, Department of Energy, University of Science and Technology of Hanoi, Hanoi, Vietnam
Received: Jul. 31, 2020;       Accepted: Nov. 3, 2020;       Published: Nov. 11, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijepe.20200905.11      View  28      Downloads  28
Vietnam has been regarded as a country with immense opportunities for renewable energy in general and for the development of solar and wind power in particular. Existing policy targets and mechanisms have been taken into practice with an aim to encourage this promising field and increase the proportion of electricity generated from these two power sources. However, the potential of these technologies has yet to be fully utilized, with approximately seven percentage of the nation’s energy mix coming from renewable energy sources, according to Vietnam Electricity annual report. Conventional energy sources (coal, natural gas, and hydropower) still play a significant role in Vietnam’s total primary energy supply. In this research, evaluation of the potential of renewable energy sources, emphasizing on solar power energy with its opportunities and challenges in Vietnam’s power energy sector will be discussed. The main idea of this paper is to provide an overview of methodologies used for assessing photovoltaic potential and estimation of energy production from a given photovoltaic installation site. This can be a recommendation information of input indicators for investors, planners, and developers to strategize further decisions for the expansion of renewable power energy sources, especially photovoltaic systems in the chosen region.
Renewable Energy, Conventional Energy, Energy Potential, Photovoltaic System, Rooftop PV, LCOE
To cite this article
Khanh Huyen Nguyen, Ngoc Huong Giang Vu, Xuan Truong Nguyen, The Status and Potential Assessment of Solar Power Energy Development in Vietnam, International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering. Vol. 9, No. 5, 2020, pp. 69-80. doi: 10.11648/j.ijepe.20200905.11
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
World Bank (WB), “The World Bank in Vietnam,” Apr. 27, 2020.
Electricity of Vietnam (EVN), “Vietnam Electricity Annual Report 2018,” Hanoi, Vietnam, 2019.
EREA & DEA, “Vietnam Energy Outlook Report 2019,” Vietnam Ministry of Industry and Trade, Hanoi, Vietnam, 2019.
Electricity of Vietnam (EVN), “As of June 30, 2019: More than 4,460 MW of solar power has been integrated into the grid.”
Electricity of Vietnam (EVN), “Rooftop Solar Market Update.”
Asian Development Bank (ADB), “Viet Nam: Floating Solar Energy Project.”
Vietnam Ministry of Industry and Trade (MOIT) and Vietnam Prime Minister, “Decision 2068/QD-TTg.” Dec. 27, 2007, [Online]. Available:
Vu, T. T. N., Teyssèdre, G., Roy, S. L., Anh, T. T., Trần, T. S., Nguyen, X. T., Nguyễn, Q. V. (2019). The challenges and opportunities for the power transmission grid of Vietnam. European Journal of Electrical Engineering, Vol. 21, No. 6, pp. 489-497.
Prime Minister of Socialist Republic of Vietnam, “Decision 428/QD-TTg on The Approval of Revisions to the National Power Development Plan from 2011 to 2020 with vision extended to 2030.” Mar. 18, 2016, Accessed: Jun. 20, 2020. [Online]. Available:
Vietnam Ministry of Industry and Trade (MOIT), “Decision 13/2020/QD-TTg on Incentives for Development of Solar Energy in Viet Nam.” Apr. 04, 2020, [Online]. Available:
X. T. Nguyen, V. D. Nguyen, D. Q. Nguyen, L. T. Nguyen, and D. Q. Nguyen, “Performance comparison between tracking and fixed photovoltaic system: A case study of Hoa Lac Hi-tech Park, Hanoi,” Surabaya, Indonesia, 2017, pp. 128–133, doi: 10.1109/ISITIA.2017.8124067.
S. Teske, T. Morris, K. Nagrath, and E. Dominish, “Renewable Energy for Viet Nam - A proposal for an economically and environmentally sustainable 8th Power Development Plan of the government of Viet Nam.” 2019.
Bernardos A, et al, "Maps of solar resources and potential in Vietnam, "2015.
Electricity of Vietnam (EVN), “Studying on the problems impacting on the construction progress of power grids releasing power capacity for solar power projects.”
Q. K. Nguyen and Green Innovation and Development Centre (GreenID), “Analysis of future generation capacity scenarios for Vietnam,” Hanoi, Vietnam, Oct. 2017.
“Global Solar Atlas - Vietnam.”,105.8,5&r=VNM.
D. Atsu and A. Dhaundiyal, “Effect of Ambient Parameters on the Temperature Distribution of Photovoltaic (PV) Modules,” Resources, vol. 8, no. 2, Jun. 2019, doi: 10.3390/resources8020107.
Solar Radiation Monitoring Laboratory and University of Oregon, “Sun Path Chart Program.”
E. Calabrò, “Determining optimum tilt angles of photovoltaic panels at typical north-tropical latitudes,” J. Renew. Sustain. Energy, vol. 1, no. 3, Jun. 2009, doi: 10.1063/1.3148272.
N. Shu, N. Kameda, Y. Kishida, and H. Sonoda, “Experimental and Theoretical Study on the Optimal Tilt Angle of Photovoltaic Panels,” J. Asian Archit. Build. Eng., vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 399–405, Aug. 2006, doi: 10.3130/jaabe.5.399.
Y. Chang, “Optimal design of discrete-value tilt angle of PV using sequential neural-network approximation and orthogonal array,” Expert Syst. Appl., vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 6010–6018, Apr. 2009, doi: 10.1016/j.eswa.2008.06.105.
X. Song et al., “An Approach for Estimating Solar Photovoltaic Potential Based on Rooftop Retrieval from Remote Sensing Image,” Energies, vol. 11, no. 11, Nov. 2018, doi: 10.3390/en11113172.
R. K. Aggarwal, “New correction factor for the estimation of solar radiation,” J. Renew. Sustain. Energy, vol. 1, no. 4, Aug. 2009, doi: 10.1063/1.3192749.
D. Bigaud, R. Laronde, and A. Charki, “The Time-Variant Degradation of a Photovoltaic System,” J. Sol. Energy Eng., vol. 135, no. 2, pp. 024503-1-024503–4, May 2013, doi: 10.1115/1.4007771.
A. Gutiérrez Galeano, M. Bressan, F. Jiménez Vargas, and C. Alonso, “Shading Ratio Impact on Photovoltaic Modules and Correlation with Shading Patterns,” Energies, vol. 11, no. 4, Apr. 2018, doi: 10.3390/en11040852.
M. D’Orazio, C. Di Perna, and E. Di Giuseppe, “Performance Assessment of Different Roof Integrated Photovoltaic Modules under Mediterranean Climate,” Energy Procedia, vol. 42, pp. 183–192, 2013, doi: 10.1016/j.egypro.2013.11.018.
Institute of Human Settlement (IHS), “Practical results from the installation of rooftop solar systems in households in Hanoi under the project SEU-HANOI 2017,” Final report, Nov. 2017.
B. Wittmer, A. Mermoud, T. Schott, "Analysis of PV Grid Installations Performance, Comparing Measured Data to Simulation Results to Identify Problems in Operation and Monitoring," 31st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition. Pages 2265 - 2270, 2019, ISBN: 3-936338-39-6.
Browse journals by subject