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Volume 5, Issue 4, August 2016, Page: 155-162
Thermal Performance and Cost to Produce 90°C-Hot Water of Solar Thermal Collector and Hybrid Photovoltaic Thermal (PVT) Collector Systems
Shigeki Hirasawa, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kobe University, Rokkodai, Nada, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan
Tsuyoshi Kawanami, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kobe University, Rokkodai, Nada, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan
Katsuaki Shirai, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kobe University, Rokkodai, Nada, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan
Received: Sep. 19, 2016;       Published: Sep. 19, 2016
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijepe.20160504.13      View  3631      Downloads  153
Abstract
The effects of types of collector systems, operation-control methods, and locations in the world on thermal performance of solar thermal collector systems and cost to produce required amount of 90°C-hot water were studied through numerical simulations. Also performance of a hybrid photovoltaic thermal (PVT) collector system was examined. Calculation results showed that the costs for all solar thermal collector systems were much less than that without solar thermal collector system. Effect of the locations in the word on the cost was large. Total energy efficiency and exergy efficiency of PVT system were lower than those of the solar thermal collector system. The cost for PVT system was higher than that for the solar thermal collector system.
Keywords
Thermal Efficiency, Exergy, Cost, Solar Thermal Collector, Hybrid Photovoltaic Thermal Collector
To cite this article
Shigeki Hirasawa, Tsuyoshi Kawanami, Katsuaki Shirai, Thermal Performance and Cost to Produce 90°C-Hot Water of Solar Thermal Collector and Hybrid Photovoltaic Thermal (PVT) Collector Systems, International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2016, pp. 155-162. doi: 10.11648/j.ijepe.20160504.13
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